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Sexually Transmitted Infections

Symptoms Transmission Diagnostic
Test
Treatment Curable? Complications
HIV/AIDS
  • Flu-like symptoms that won't go away
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • White spots in mouth
  • May not appear for many years
  • Sexual contact with infected blood or sexual fluids
  • Sharing needles
  • Contact with infected blood
Blood test Medications to help strengthen the immune system. Rest. NO
  • The virus destroys the immune system leaving the body unable to fight infections.
  • May eventually cause death.
  • May be passed from mother to fetus or newborn.
Chlamydia
  • Many males and most females have no symptoms
  • Discharge from vagina, penis or rectum
  • Pain/burning during urination
  • Sore throat
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pain during sex
  • Females may bleed during or after sex
  • Symptoms begin 1-3 weeks or longer after contact
Direct sexual contact (oral, anal, vaginal) with infected sexual fluids
  • Swab of urethra in males
  • Swab of cervix in females
Antibiotics YES
  • Can cause Pelvic Inflamatory Disease (PID) in women
  • Can cause eye infections or pneumonia in newborns
  • Problem pregnancies
  • Increased risk of cervical cancer
  • Problems with prostate
  • Disease affecting testicles
Crabs
  • Persistent itch in pubic hair — usually worse at night
  • May see live crab or brown specs in underwear
  • Close physical contact with an infected person (especially sexual contact)
  • Also possible through sharing bedding, clothes, towels, and possibly toilet seats
Visual examination Medicated lotion applied to pubic hair YES Secondary infections from scratching
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV or genital warts)
  • Fleshy growth on, or in sex organs
  • Itching or burning on, or in, sex organs
  • Painful blisters on, in, or around sex organs
  • In women, may be in the vagina or on the cervix, where they may go unnoticed
  • Or there may be no symptoms
  • Skin to skin contact with infected or previously infected person
  • Sexual contact (oral, anal, vaginal)
  • Direct visual exam
  • Pap test in women
Application of chemical solution, freezing, or surgical removal NO, but can be treated during outbreaks. Virus stays in the body and outbreaks can occur at anytime.
  • Transmission to newborn
  • Increased risk of cervical cancer
  • Increased risk of cancer of the penis
Herpes
  • Tiny cluster of painful blisters or sores containing clear liquid
  • Blisters break open, heal and then disappear
  • Itching or burning on, or around sex organs
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Re-occurrences are likely.
  • Or there may be no symptoms
Sexual contact (anal, oral, vaginal, or skin to skin) Swab of sores or blisters Antiviral medications (cream or pills) NO
  • Transmission to newborn which can cause complications
  • Can pass virus to other sites if not careful with handwashing after touching sores
Hepatitis B
  • Flu-like symptoms that do not go away
  • Dark urine
  • Jaundice
  • Or there may be no symptoms
  • Sexual contact (oral, anal, vaginal)
  • Sharing of needles
  • Contact with infected blood
Blood test Rest and good nutrition NO, but can be prevented by vaccine
  • Transmission to newborn
  • Liver damage (cirrhosis and cancer of the liver)
  • Can be unknown carrier
Syphilis
  • Stage 1: Sores on mouth, vaginal area, breast, penis, and/or fingers. Appears 10 days-3 months after exposure
  • Stage 2: Rash on body, flu-like symptoms
  • Direct sexual contact with sores of infected person (oral, anal, vaginal, skin to skin).
  • Case remains infectious for up to 2 years after infected
  • Blood test
  • Swab of sore
Antibiotics YES, but damage done cannot be reversed
  • Transmission to fetus or newborn, can cause birth defects or miscarriage
  • Heart disease
  • Brain damage
  • Spinal cord, bone, and joint damage
  • Blindness
  • Death, if untreated
Trichomonas
There are often no symptoms

For women:

  • Foul smelling and frothy green vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal itching or redness
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Lower abdominal discomfort
  • Urge to urinate

For men:

  • Discharge from the urethra
  • Urge to urinate
  • Burning sensation with urination
  • It is a parasitic infection
  • Sexual contact (vaginal, anal, oral)
  • Pelvic examination
  • Collection of specimens from the urethra
Antibiotics YES
  • Transmission to newborns

National Sexual Assault Hotline | 1.800.656.HOPE(4673) | Free. Confidential. 24/7.

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